The difference between furniture materials from wood

To date, a lot of kinds of furniture materials are used for the production of furniture, as a result of which the finished product differs not only in value, but also in quality properties, as well as aesthetic appearance. Materials used in the furniture industry include veneer, plywood, furniture board, MDF, particle board and lumber. In order to understand what material is still best used for making this or that furniture, it is necessary to understand the properties of each type of furniture material.

Wood chipboard

Chipboard (chipboard) — This is a relatively inexpensive material that is obtained by pressing wood particles using resins. In the production of furniture, particle boards have been used since 1940, and to this day the material has not lost its popularity.

Advantages and properties of chipboard:

  • Products lasting a long time retain their aesthetic properties
  • Has a high level of moisture resistance
  • High material strength
  • The service life of a quality chipboard to 10 years.

But despite the advantages, there are also unpleasant moments, this is primarily the environmental friendliness of the material. Since formaldehyde resins are used for gluing chips, particleboard always has an extraneous chemical odor, which eventually disappears, but furniture made from chipboard will have a certain amount of time. The level of this odor depends on the quality of the material itself.

Also an important point is — this is the correct handling of furniture from chipboard. There should be a restriction on the severity of things, chipboard can not be scraped, beat on corners, washed abundantly with water. If the furniture will have to be dismantled and re-assembled, not all the EAF will withstand such moments, and it is almost impossible to screw the screws.


Fibreboard (MDF) has a difference from chipboard, first of all it’s environmental friendliness. Such a material is obtained by pressing fine wood chips at high pressure and temperature. In this case, the level of formaldehyde falls to a minimum, since carbamide resins are used to bind the material.

Advantages of MDF:

  • High level of moisture resistance
  • The strength level is higher than that of chipboard, since the thickness exceeds almost twice;
  • Easily lacquered and painted
  • Can be veneered, veneered, plastic, film
  • Is amenable to processing, without chipping, you can create curly elements from this material
  • Large range of shades;
  • Long service life.

Furniture from MDF looks pretty good, especially if it is covered with veneer, so-called, economy class of aesthetically beautiful furniture, which at first glance is difficult to distinguish from natural wood. Therefore, MDF, as a material for furniture production is quite popular and has an affordable price.

Furniture plywood

Furniture plywood is produced by gluing together from 3 sheets and more veneer with resin. Basically, in this production, birch veneer is used.

Advantages of furniture plywood are in ecological compatibility, low cost, high strength. From furniture plywood often make children’s furniture, kitchen furniture, armchairs, and any designer furniture. Furniture plywood can be processed with paint and varnish materials, covered with a wood edge or veneer. Often, if everything is done qualitatively, furniture from plywood can not be distinguished from a natural tree.

Edge-glued wood panel

Edge-glued wood panel — another type of furniture material, which has a number of its advantages. For the production of furniture boards, birch, oak, beech, and coniferous species are most often used. Edge-glued wood panel is obtained by gluing bars of different thickness and length with resin. In consequence of this method of production, the furniture board has the texture of a chessboard and the interlocked bars are visible even in the finished furniture, but this looks interesting in its own way. Working with this material is not easy, since it requires a certain skill not to expose the furniture deformation board.

Furniture from the edge-glued wood panel has a long service life, it is subject to repair.

Sliced veneer

Sliced veneer — a thin sheet of wood, which is obtained by cutting a part of the surface from an array of wood. It can be natural and ecoshow. For the production of veneer use a wide range of tree species, popular — cherry, birch, oak, beech, wenge, maple, etc.

Furniture using natural sliced veneer not only looks great, but also has high quality characteristics, and is easy to assemble, disassembly and repair.

But the most high-quality and long-term material for furniture is a traditional tree. In the furniture industry, it comes in the form of boards and bars, which is otherwise called sawn timber. If for the production of furniture to choose high-quality lumber, without knots, chips, cracks, such furniture will last for decades. High quality timber has a high price, so wood furniture is also expensive.

For the furniture industry, lumber is used, both from coniferous and deciduous species. Of coniferous species — it is mainly spruce, pine and larch. According to the quality characteristics, larch is better suited, it has high strength, moisture resistance, and does not rot.

Of hardwood, the most used lumber in the furniture industry — it is birch, it can be easily processed, has relatively good strength and affordable cost. In the production of elite furniture is valued lumber from malen oak, that is, it is put for some time in the water. Also in the furniture industry, ash, pear, acacia, wenge, cherry, maple, walnut etc. are used. Each type of wood has its own distinctive properties, but furniture made of natural wood from the earliest times to the present day is highly valued and has a chic aesthetic appearance.

«Euroshpon-Trade» company offers natural high-quality sliced veneer from different types of wood and at an affordable price. You can contact our managers and get the necessary information individually.